A small country by area but larger than most by population. India has long dug up a deep pit of environment troubles for itself. Rising pollution levels, mismanagement of waste and overuse of natural resources are just some of the alarming highlights. Then why are we the global host this year on the World Environment Day? Let’s find out!
Over the past 40 years, India has actively participated in the UN’s World Environment Day initiative and brought about policy reforms to protect and save the environment. Some of whose effects have started to show.
What We Breathe | Air Pollution Levels
A recent report by WHO ranked the most polluted cities in the world and 12 cities on the list happen to be from India. This alarming state is prevalent in most regions of the country. Hence necessary measure and policies are being introduced to tackle the problem. Though many of the initiatives have not been successful, they are a progressive step towards saving the environment. The recent ban on firecrackers was a welcomed move.
Treating Our Water Bodies
Many of our water bodies are heavily polluted with both industrial wastes as well as human traffic. Our share of clear water stops at the mountains. What flows below is dark and dirty water unsafe and unfit for life. But increasingly states are acknowledging the problem and tying hands with environmentalists to save our precious resources. For example, Tamil Nadu has recently tied up with the World Bank to clean up six water bodies in their state and give it a new life.
Turning Up Our Green Cover Power
The population per square feet area is too high in our country. Hence the country’s green cover has depleted rapidly over the years. Massive urbanisation has only fuelled this fire. But through green measures, we have recently been able to increase our forest cover by 1%. Though a very small amount but an encouraging step towards a greener India.
How We Manage Our Waste
Waste management crisis that India is facing is a result of the rapid urbanisation that has taken place. Most civic bodies in the cities are committed to keeping the city clean. But the collected garbage os just dumped in landfills. With advancement in finding methods of decomposing waste, the government is looking at adapting them. It aims to remove all the dumping sites from 20 major cities in the country.
Looking Out For Renewable Energy
From a country that entirely ran on electricity produced by burning coal to now producing a record high of 10.2 billion units of electricity through renewable energy resources. The country has come a long way. India plans to set up more hydro, solar, wind and biomass power plants across the country. With tie-ups with private companies and rolling out promotional schemes, it’s all in the favour of renewable energy.