Before the smartphones and internet and even the advent of telephones, there was the telegraph. The invention was one of the first ever efforts into building system of long-term electronic communication. While a postal system was widely used, it was not very accommodating to urgent communication needs.
When And Who Invented It?
There are multiple inventors who can be credited for the idea of sending a message on a single wire and using a code to comprehend it. The first notable one would be William Watson in 1747 who showed how electrostatically generated signals can travel through a wire in a circuit buried under the earth. French inventor LeSage introduced the concept of messaging through signals and codes 60 years before Samuel Morse.
But the Morse code caught up during the 1830s and 1840s and hence Samuel Morse is widely recognised as the inventor of the Electronic Telegraph.
The Birth Of The Morse Code
Samuel F B Morse, an American inventor introduced the telegraph to the world with a stunning demonstration. He worked with Alfred Vail to further develop the idea and came up with the system of dots and dashes. This we all now know as Morse code. The Morse code went into its own transformation over the years by European developers to fix inconsistencies.
The code assigned a set number of dots and dashes to each letter. Initially, the codes transmitted electromagnetically were marked on paper. Later replaced by a receiver through beeping sounds.
How Did It Change The World
In 1843, the American Congress found value in Morse’s invention and pumped in investment to set up transmission systems from Washington to Baltimore. With a few more inventors like Ezra Cornell and Edison, the Telegraph caught popularity quickly. People started using this as a faster way to communicate through long distances. The transmission time was reduced from days to minutes.
The best example of significant use was by the Nazis during WWII. But they had the Enigma code which was used to secretly transfer the messages. Which eventually led to the foundation of the invention of the computer by Alan Turing.
Soon the many inventions after the telegraph overshadowed its use. Even most of them were developed on the same lines of technology. But the Telegraph was a path-breaking invention in history that ought to be remembered.